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校园新闻

国家语言文字工作有关法律、法规、方针、政策解读
2021-09-23 15:31  

zhongguoshiyigeduominzu、duoyuyan、duowenzideguojia,you56geminzu,gongyou80zhongyishangyuyan,yue30zhongwenzi。2000nian10yue31ribanbude《zhonghuarenmingongheguoguojiatongyongyuyanwenzifa》quedingputonghuaweiguojiatongyongyuyan。putonghuabujinshihanminzugongtongyudebiaozhunyu,yeshizhonghuaminzudegongtongyu。《zhonghuarenmingongheguoxianfa》guiding: guojiatuiguangquanguotongyongdeputonghua。

hanzishihanminzugongtongshiyongdewenzi,yixieminzuyeyijingwanquanshiyonghanzi,tongshihanziyeshiquanguogeshaoshuminzutongyongdewenzi。zishangshiji50niandaiyilai,guojiaduixianxinghanzijinxingzhenglihejianhua,zhidinggongbule《diyipiyitizizhenglibiao》《hanzijianhuafangan》《jianhuazizongbiao》《xiandaihanyuchangyongzibiao》《xiandaihanyutongyongzibiao》dengbiaozhun。2000nian10yue31ribanbude《zhonghuarenmingongheguoguojiatongyongyuyanwenzifa》quedingguifanhanziweiguojiatongyongwenzi。

国家通用语言文字的规范和政策

fangzhenzhengce: zhongguogenju“zhonghuarenmingongheguogeminzuyilvpingdeng”deyuanze,yiguanjianchiyuyanpingdengzhengce,jijiweihuyuyandeduoyanghuayuhexietongyi。

BG真人falvfagui: 《zhonghuarenmingongheguoxianfa》《zhonghuarenmingongheguominzuquyuzizhifa》《zhonghuarenmingongheguoguojiatongyongyuyanwenzifa》《zhonghuarenmingongheguojiaoyufa》《zhonghuarenmingongheguoyiwujiaoyufa》dengfalvyijiqitafalvfagui,gongtongquedinglegeminzuyuyanwenzipingdenggongcun,jinzhirenhexingshideyuyanqishi;geminzudouyoushiyonghefazhanzijideyuyanwenzideziyou;guojiaguligeminzuhuxiangxuexiyuyanwenzi;guojiajianchituiguangputonghua,tuixingguifanhanzidengjibenyuyanzhengce。guojiashixingzheixiezhongyaodeyuyanzhengce,baozhenglegeminzuyuyanhexiefazhan,duiweihuguojiatongyi、minzutuanjie,cujinshehui、jingji、wenhuafazhanzuochuzhongdagongxian。

falvzhailu

BG真人(yi)《zhonghuarenmingongheguoguojiatongyongyuyanwenzifa》:

dishitiao

BG真人xuexiaojiqitajiaoyujigouyiputonghuaheguifanhanziweijibendejiaoyujiaoxueyongyuyongzi。falvlingyouguidingdechuwai。xuexiaojiqitajiaoyujigoutongguohanyuwenkechengjiaoshouputonghuaheguifanhanzi。shiyongdehanyuwenkechengjiaoshouputonghuaheguifanhanzi。shiyongdehanyuwenjiaocai,yingdangfuheguojiatongyongyuyanwenzideguifanbiaozhun。

dishibatiaochudengjiaoyuyingdangjinxinghanyupinyinjiaoxue。

BG真人dishijiutiaoyiputonghuazuoweigongzuoyuyandeboyinyuan、jiemuzhuchirenheyingshihuajuyanyuan、jiaoshi、guojiajiguangongzuorenyuandeputonghuashuiping,yingdangfenbiedadaoguojiaguidingdedengjibiaozhun;duishangweidadaoguojiaguidingdeputonghuadengjibiaozhunde,fenbieqingkuangjinxingpeixun。

diershitiaoduiwaihanyujiaoxueyingdangjiaoshouputonghuaheguifanhanzi。

(er)《zhonghuarenmingongheguojiaoyufa》:

dishiertiaoxuexiaojiqitajiaoyujigoujinxingjiaoxue,yingdangtuiguangshiyongquanguotongyongdeputonghuaheguifanzi。

(san)《zhonghuarenmingongheguoyiwujiaoyufa》:

BG真人diliutiaoxuexiaoyingdangtuiguangshiyongquanguotongyongdeputonghua。zhaoshoushaoshuminzuxueshengweizhudexuexiao,keyiyongshaoshuminhuatongyongdeyuyanwenzijiaoxue。

(si)《zhonghuarenmingongheguominzuquyuzizhifa》:

BG真人disanshiqitiaozhaoshoushaoshuminzuxueshengweizhudexuexiaoyoutiaojiandeyingdangcaiqushaoshuminzuwenzidekeben,bingyongshaoshuminzuyuyanjiangke;xiaoxuegaonianjihuozhezhongxueshehanwenkecheng,tuiguangquanguotongyongdeputonghua。

BG真人(wu)《saochuwenmangtiaoli》:

diliutiaosaochuwenmangjiaoxueyingdangshiyongquanguotongyongdeputonghua。

(liu)《youeryuanguanlitiaoli》:

dishiwutiaoyoueryuanyingdangshiyongquanguotongyongdeputonghua。

(qi)《minzuxiangxingzhenggongzuotiaoli》;

BG真人dishisitiaominzuxiangdezhongxiaoxuekeyishiyongdangdishaoshuminzutongyongdeyuyanwenzijiaoxue,tongshituiguangquanguotongyongdeputonghua。

wenjianzhailu

BG真人(yi)1999nian: 《zhonggongzhongyang、guowuyuanbgzhenrenshenhuajiaoyugaigequanmiantuijinsuzhijiaoyudejueding》: zhongshipeiyangxueshengshoujichulixinxidenengli、huoquxinzhishidenengli、fenxihejiejuewentidenengli、yuyanwenzibiaodanengliyijituanjiexiezuoheshehuihuodongdenengli。

BG真人(er)quanmiantuijinxuexiaoyuyanwenzigongzuo,gejizhongleixuexiaotebieshizhongxiaoxue、shifanyuanxiaoyaojixubashuohaoputonghua、xiehaoguifanzi、tigaoyuyanwenzinenglizuoweisuzhijiaoyudezhongyaoneirong。

BG真人(san)《guowuyuanyaobgzhenrenjichujiaoyugaigeyufazhandejueding》(guofa[2001]21hao): 27.yaorenzhenguancheshishi《zhonghuarenmingongheguoguojiatongyongyuyanwenzifa》,jinyibujiaqiangzhongxiaoxuetuiguangputonghua、yongziguifanhuagongzuo,tuiguangpujiguojiatongyongyuyanwenzi,bapujiputonghua、yongziguifanhuanarujiaoyujiaoxueyaoqiu,tigaoxueshengyuyanwenziyingyongnengliheguifanyishi。

(si)zhuanguojiayuwei《bgzhenrendangqianyuyanwenzigongzuodeqingshi》(guofa[1992]63hao): shixianyuyanwenzideguifanhuabiaozhunhua,shipujijiaoyu、tigaowenhuashuiping、fazhankexuejishudeyixiangjichugongcheng,duiwoguogaigekaifangheshehuizhuyixiandaihuajianshejuyouzhongyaoyiyi。

tuiguangputonghua,xuexiaoshijichu。xuexiaoyongyuyilvshiyongputonghua。xuexiaoheshehuidetuiguangputonghuagongzuoyaohuxiangjiehe,huxiangcujin。

xuexiaotuiguangputonghua,bixulieruxuexiaogongzuojihua,tichumingquedemubiaoheyaoqiu,jianlibixiguizhangzhidu。xuexiaotuiguangputonghuadezhongdianshigejishifanyuanxiao、chudenghezhongdengxuexiao

gejigeleishifanyuanxiaohezhiyegaozhongdeyoushilei、wenmilei、gonggongfuwuleizhuanyedouyaokaisheputonghuakecheng,yaobaputonghuazuoweiyixiangzhongyaojibengong,renzhenxunlian,yangekaohe;putonghuabuhegedebiyeshengbixujinxingbukehebukao,bukaohegehoufangkefajibiyezhengshu。yongputonghuajiaoxueshihegejiaoshideyixiangbibeitiaojian,yingdangchengweipinggujiaoxuezhiliang、pingxuanyouxiujiaoshi、pingpinjiaoshizhiwudeyigeneirong。duiyuwenjiaoshishuoputonghuadenengliheshuipingyingyouligaodeyaoqiu。

shaoshuminzudiquyaojiaqiangyuyanwenziguifanhua、biaozhunhuajiaoyuheyuyanwenzijibengongxunlian。chudeng、zhongdengxuexiaoyuwenxuekehedazhuanyuanxiaozhongwenxideyouguankecheng,yaojiangshouxinshiqiguojiayuyanwenzigongzuodefangzhen、zhengce、renwuheyuyanwenziguifanhuazhishi。

guifanbiaozhun:

weiraoguancheshishi《zhonghuarenmingongheguoguojiatongyongyuyanwenzifa》,dalituiguangputonghua,tuixingguifanhanzi,jinyibukuoda《hanyupinyinfangan》deyingyongfanwei,tigaoquanshehuiyuyanwenziyingyongnengli,guojiayuyanwenzigongzuoyixuexiaoweijichu,yidangzhengjiguanweilongtou,yixinwenmeitiweibangyang,yigonggongfuwuxingyeweichuangkou,zhuzhongfahuichengshidefushedaidongzuoyong,tongguoputonghuashuipingceshi、tuiguangputonghuaxuanchuanzhou、chengshiyuyanwenzigongzuopinggu、yuyanwenziguifanhuashifanxiaojianshe、zhonghuajingdiansongduxingdongdengyouxiaocuoshi,zhubujianliqiyifaguanlijianduyuyanwenzishehuiyingyongheyuyanwenzigongzuodetizhihejizhi,putonghuaheguifanhanzipujichengdu、yingyongshuipingxianzhutigao。

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